The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. III

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. III

Camps and Ghettos under European Regimes Aligned with Nazi Germany
Edited by Geoffrey P. Megargee and Joseph R. White
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 05/29/2018
ISBN: 978-0-253-02386-5
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This monumental seven-volume encyclopedia, prepared by the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, examines the universe of camps and ghettos)—more than 40,000 in all—that the Nazis and their allies operated, from Norway to North Africa and from France to Russia.

Volume III describes sites under the control of states that aligned themselves with Nazi Germany, as allies, satellite countries, or independent collaborationist regimes. For a variety of reasons, France, Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and other such states each undertook the persecution, and often the murder, of people it considered undesirable or threatening. Such target groups included Jews, who were often killed directly or handed over to the Germans. Other victims spanned any number of ethnic or national groups, or political or military opponents. Each state created its own unique mix of detention sites under a variety of agencies, but all with goals that mirrored those of Nazi Germany. From the far north of Finland to France’s west African colonies, this network of sites did its work with little or no input from the Germans. This volume, with its descriptions of the individual sites and broad introductions to the regimes that governed them, adds to our understanding of a system that was truly European in scale, and not solely a German undertaking.

Author Bio

Geoffrey P. Megargee and Joseph R. White are applied research scholars at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.


“The most efficacious way of fighting the scourge of Holocaust denial is with the facts. No argument posed by deniers can withstand the overwhelming weight of the truth. This encyclopedia will provide a host of detail about crucial aspects of the Holocaust that cannot be found elsewhere.”
 — Deborah E. Lipstadt, author of History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving

“An indispensable source that no one individual could compile in a lifetime of research. . . . An especially useful reference work for anyone working with survivor memoirs and testimonies.”
 — Christopher R. Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland

“This is a very useful resource for anyone doing Holocaust research. It provides information that is difficult to find and makes it accessible. It also lays a foundation for further research.”
 — American Reference Books Annual

“A readable encyclopedia with very up-to-date bibliographical sources. This important reference work belongs on every library bookshelf. (Praise for a previous volume)”
 — Choice

“[A] staggering achievement. . . .Without the efforts of this consortium of international contributors, most of these places . . . might have disappeared from historical memory and slipped into oblivion. (Praise for a previous volume)”
 — Jewish Daily Forward

“Well researched . . . accessible . . . this valuable resource covers an aspect of the Holocaust rarely addressed and never in such detail. A valuable addition to libraries focusing on the Holocaust. (Praise for a previous volume)”
 — Library Journal

“This work will be of particular use to specialists in the fields of German and Austrian history, European labor history, and the history of World War II. (Praise for a previous volume)”
 — Jewish Book World

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