Basic Concepts of Ancient Philosophy

Basic Concepts of Ancient Philosophy

Martin Heidegger and Richard Rojcewicz, edited by Martin Heidegger, translated by Richard Rojcewicz
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 11/12/2007
Format: Hardback 8 b&w figures
ISBN: 978-0-253-34965-1
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Basic Concepts of Ancient Philosophy presents a lecture course given by Martin Heidegger in 1926 at the University of Marburg. First published in German as volume 22 of the collected works, the book provides Heidegger's most systematic history of Ancient philosophy beginning with Thales and ending with Aristotle. In this lecture, which coincides with the completion of his most important work, Being and Time, Heidegger is working out a way to sharply differentiate between beings and Being. Richard Rojcewicz's clear and accurate translation offers English-speaking readers valuable insight into Heidegger's views on Ancient thought and concepts such as principle, cause, nature, unity, multiplicity, Logos, truth, science, soul, category, and motion.

Author Bio

Richard Rojcewicz teaches philosophy at Point Park University in Pittsburgh. He is author of The Gods and Technology and has translated several volumes of the works of Martin Heidegger.


“[A]n excellent resource for students and Continental thinkers . . . who make use of Heidegger's interpretation of ancient philosophy.”
 — Robert Metcalf, University of Colorado at Denver

“Rojcewicz presents Heidegger's most systematic history of Ancient philosophy beginning with Thales and ending with Aristotle. This illuminating text, consisting of Heidegger's own lecture notes followed by student transcriptions, affords insight into his unique style of teaching and the content of his early thought.”

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Table of Contents

Translator's Foreword
Preliminary Remarks

PART ONE. General Introduction to Ancient Philosophy
Chapter One. Working out of the central concepts and questions of ancient philosophy, with the first book of Aristotle's Metaphysics as guideline
Chapter Two. The question of cause and of foundation as a philosophical question

PART TWO. The Most Important Greek Thinkers: Their Questions and Answers

Section One. Philosophy up to Plato
Chapter One. Milesian philosophy of nature
Chapter Two. Heraclitus
Chapter Three. Parmenides and the Eleatics
Chapter Four. The later philosophy of nature: Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and atomism
Chapter Five. Sophistry and Socrates

Section Two. Plato's philosophy
Chapter One. Biography, secondary literature, and general characterization of Plato's questioning
Chapter Two. More concrete determination of the problem of Being in Plato's philosophy
Chapter Three. Interpretation of the dialogue, Theatetus: the connection between the question of the Idea of science and the question of Being
First definition
Second definition
Third definition
Chapter Four. Central concepts of Plato's philosophy in the context of the understanding of Being and the question of Being

Section Three. Aristotle's philosophy
Chapter One. On the problem of the development and of the adequate reception of Aristotle's philosophy
Chapter Two. The ontological problem and the idea of philosophical research
Chapter Three. The fundamental questioning of the problematic of Being
Chapter Four. The problem of motion and the ontological meaning of that problem.
Chapter Five. Ontology of life and of Dasein

Supplementary Texts
Excerpts from the Mörchen Transcription
Bröcker Transcription
Editor's Afterword
Greek-English Glossary

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