Like many Caribbean nations, Trinidad has felt the effects of globalization on its economy, politics, and expressive culture. Even Carnival, once a clandestine folk celebration, has been transformed into a major transnational festival. In Trinidad Carnival, Garth L. Green, Philip W. Scher, and an international group of scholars explore Carnival as a reflection of the nation and culture of Trinidad and Trinidadians worldwide. The nine essays cover topics such as women in Carnival, the politics and poetics of Carnival, Carnival and cultural memory, Carnival as a tourist enterprise, the steelband music of Carnival, Calypso music on the world stage, Carnival and rap, and Carnival as a global celebration. For readers interested in the history and current expression of Carnival, this volume offers a multidimensional and transnational view of Carnival as a representation of Trinidad and Caribbean culture everywhere.
Contributors are Robin Balliger, Shannon Dudley, Pamela R. Franco, Patricia A. de Freitas, Ray Funk, Garth L. Green, Donald R. Hill, Lyndon Phillip, Victoria Razak, and Philip W. Scher.
|". . . Tracking the various forces that historically and contemporarily shape Carnival as event, ideology, national culture, and commodity, the essays in Trinidad Carnival never view Carnival through a single analytical lens. Indeed, they never yield a picture of a singular Carnival, a particular mas player. Rather, they show how 'specific Carnivals, specific masqueraders, and specific Carnival controversies are in motion, are well-traveled and circulate through the population not just of Trinidadians, but of Caribbean people everywhere, defining their Caribbean-ness while helping to change those definitions as new contexts arise' (Green and Scher 23)." —Anthropological Quarterly
". . . provides interesting and thought provoking reading. . . . [I]t would be valuable for higher level students at university and researchers who have a keen interest in transnational festivals and cultural tourism." —Donna Chambers, University of Surrey, Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events , Vol. 1.2 2009
"This collection of essays is a fascinating look at contemporary Carnival as . . . a national and transnational institution. Many of the essays would be useful for readers interested in transnational movement of music and festivals, as well as in Carnival and the Caribbean specifically." —David Lewis, Indiana University, Journal of Folklore Research , August 25, 2009
". . . this book is a must-read for scholars and fans of West Indian culture and particularly Trinidad Carnival and its visual and musical components. It delivers a vast field of information from both a deep historical as well as a contemporary perspective." —John Nunley, H-AfrArts , October 2009
"Anyone wishing to explore tradition, authenticity, community, identity, nation and transnation will be rewarded by reading this volume." —Western Folklore
"[The] editors . . . have assembled a fine collection of articles that examine the Trinidad Carnival as well as its transnational offshoots. . . . Through a thoughtful review of existing literature they persuasively argue for theoretical and methodological approaches that are sensitive to the multivalent nature of Carnival." —The World of Music , 51 (2), 2009
"[E]ditors Garth L. Green and Philip W. Scher have gathered a thought-provoking collection of essays that extend our understanding of Trinidadian festivals and festival arts at home and abroad." —Journal of American Folklore
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Table of Contents
Introduction: Trinidad Carnival in Global Context Garth L. Green and Philip W. Scher
1. The Invention of Traditional Mas and the Politics of Gender Pamela R. Franco
2. The Masquerader-Anthropologist: The Poetics and Politics of Studying Carnival Patricia A. De Freitas
3. Authenticity, Commerce, and Nostalgia in the Trinidad Carnival Garth L. Green
4. When "Natives" Become Tourists of Themselves: Returning Transnationals and the Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago Philip W. Scher
5. Reading Caribana 1997: Black Youth, Puff Daddy, Style, and Diaspora Transformations Lyndon Phillip
6. Carnival in Aruba: "A Feast of Yourself" Victoria M. Razak
7. Creativity and Politics in the Steelband Music of Ray Holman Shannon Dudley
8. "Will Calypso Doom Rock'n'Roll?": The U.S. Calypso Craze of 1957 Ray Funk and Donald R. Hill
9. The Politics of Cultural Value and the Value of Cultural Politics: International Intellectual Property Legislation in Trinidad Robin Balliger
Afterword Roger Abrahams
Glossary of Terms
List of Contributors