Environmental Justice in America
Now in paperback!

Environmental Justice in America

A New Paradigm
Edwardo Lao Rhodes
Distribution: World
Publication date: 1/19/2005
Format: paper 280 pages, 9 b&w photos, 9 figures, 1 bibliog., 1 index
6.125 x 9.25
ISBN: 978-0-253-21774-5
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This book examines environmental justice as a public policy concern and suggests a new methodology for evaluating environmental justice problems. Edwardo Lao Rhodes makes the case that race and class were not a major concern of environmental policy until the 1990s. He looks at public policy concerns and methodological approaches to the issues, and he discusses a case of hazardous waste disposal, which leads to policy recommendations for sharing risk. Throughout, Rhodes links these issues to international environmental justice programs, to issues of national sovereignty and the paternalism of developed nations toward the underdeveloped world, and to notions of economic necessity.

Author Bio

Edwardo Lao Rhodes is Professor of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University.


"In this excellent and balanced examination of the growth and future of the environmental justice movement, Rhodes (Indiana Univ. School of Public and Environmental Affairs) examines the background against which environmental justice issues are viewed. The roots of the environmental movement were in wilderness preservation, and even today, some environmental groups resist concerning themselves with what they regard as social policies and urban problems. Minorities had more pressing priorities. But now, a paradigm shift is occurring and the pivotal pioneering voices, such as Robert Bullard's, are being heard. Diversity in both membership and leadership of environmental groups is slowly increasing. Access to information about toxic waste facilities has improved, while the increase in pollution is now more visible. This book argues that the time has come when all the various factors have reached a critical mass. In the future, agencies must more explicitly address in their policies how actions and decisions about the environment will differentially affect increasingly segmented populations. The myth that minorities do not care about the environment is disappearing as communities become empowered by awareness and inclusion in decision-making processes. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels." —S. E. Wiegand, Saint Mary's College , Choice , July 2003

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments
Part I. The Dynamics of Environmental Justice
1. Introduction
2. Forms of Environmental Justice
3. What Has Gone Before: Why Race Was Not on the Original Environmental Agenda
4. The Evolution of Environmental Justice as a Policy Issue: A Movement Whose Time Has Come
5. Misconceptions about Minority Attitudes toward Environmental Issues
6. The EPA: An Agency with an Attitude
Part II. Policy Analysis of Environmental Justice
7. Environmental Justice through the Lens of Policy Analysis: Why Should Government Get Involved?
8. The Measurement of Environmental Justice: Some Rules of Engagement
9. A New Way of Looking at the Same Old Numbers: Using Data Envelopment Analysis to Evaluate Environmental Quality
Part III. A Case, a Summary, and Some Conclusions
10. A Case of Environmental Justice: The Disposal of Hazardous Material in Noxubee County, Mississippi
11. Policy Directions and Recommendations
12. Environmental Justice: A New Paradigm—A Time of Change
Appendix A: Principles of Environmental Justice