Provenance and Early Cinema

Provenance and Early Cinema

Edited by Joanne Bernardi, Paolo Cherchi Usai, Tami Williams and Joshua Yumibe, contributions by Camille Blot-Wellens, Germain Lacasse, Grazia Ingravalle, Ian Christie, Noemi Daugaard, Olivia Kristina Stutz, Priska Morrissey, Clara Auclair, Teresa Castro,
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 02/01/2021
Format: Paperback 60 b&w illus., 2 b&w tables
ISBN: 978-0-253-05299-5
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Remnants of early films often have a story to tell.

As material artifacts, these film fragments are central to cinema history, perhaps more than ever in our digital age of easy copying and sharing. If a digital copy is previewed before preservation or is shared with a researcher outside the purview of a film archive, knowledge about how the artifact was collected, circulated, and repurposed threatens to become obscured. When the question of origin is overlooked, the story can be lost. Concerned contributors in Provenance and Early Cinema challenge scholars digging through film archives to ask, "How did these moving images get here for me to see them?"

This volume, which features the conference proceedings from Domitor, the International Society for the Study of Early Cinema, 2018, questions preservation, attribution, and patterns of reuse in order to explore singular artifacts with long and circuitous lives.

Author Bio

Joanne Bernardi is Professor of Japanese and Film and Media Studies at the University of Rochester. She is author of Writing in Light: The Silent Scenario and the Japanese Pure Film Movement. Paolo Cherchi Usai is Senior Curator of the Moving Image Department at the George Eastman Museum and Adjunct Professor of Film at the University of Rochester. He is cofounder of Domitor. He is also author of Silent Cinema: A Guide to Study, Research and Curatorship and editor (with David Francis, Alexander Horwath, and Michael Loebenstein) of Film Curatorship: Archives, Museums, and the Digital Marketplace. Tami Williams is Associate Professor of Film Studies and English at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and President of Domitor. She is author of Germaine Dulac: A Cinema of Sensations and editor (with Elena Gorfinkel) of Global Cinema Networks and (with Kaveh Askari, Scott Curtis, Frank Gray, Louis Pelletier, and Joshua Yumibe) of Performing New Media, 1890–1915. Joshua Yumibe is Associate Professor and Director of Film Studies at Michigan State University. He is author (with Sarah Street) of Chromatic Modernity: Color, Cinema, and Media of the 1920s, (with Tom Gunning, Jonathon Rosen, and Giovanna Fossati) of Fantasia of Color in Early Cinema, and of Moving Color: Early Film, Mass Culture, Modernism. He is also editor (with Kaveh Askari, Scott Curtis, Frank Gray, Louis Pelletier, and Tami Williams) of Performing New Media, 1890–1915.

Reviews

"Provenance and Early Cinema turns critical attention back to Domitor's core commitment to crossing institutional divides between university film departments and film archives/museums. This commitment has always informed the work of the organization, but it has only intermittently been an object of inquiry itself."

 (Kaveh Askari, author of Making Movies into Art: Picture Craft from the Magic Lantern to Early Hollywood)

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Table of Contents

Domitor Series - Précis
Introduction: Provenance and Early Cinema: From Preservation and Collection to Circulation and Repurposing
Part I: Studying Provenance: From Analog to Digital
1. Film Provenance: A Framework for Analysis
2. Origins: Early Films and Archival Collections
3. From Provenience to Provenance: The Kerstrat d'Hauterives Collection
4. Provenance and Film Historiography: 1910s Films at the George Eastman Museum
5. Issues of Provenance and Attribution for the Canon: Bookending Robert Paul
6. Shattered Provenance in the Digitization of Early Color Films
Part II: Preservation and Collection
7. Dreaming in Color: The Image and the Artifact
8. Where Did the Costumes in Early Cinema Come From?
9. Thinking with Provenance: Drawing Trajectories in the Francis Doublier Collection at the George Eastman Museum
10. Revisiting the Films of Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète: A Material Survey
11. The Thanhouser Studio Filmography: Analysis and Extant Prints
12. The Great War at Scale: New Opportunities for Provenance in World War I Collections at the National Archives (NARA)
Part II: Circulation
13. Chicago's "Censored Casualties" and the Provenance of Archive Prints
14. What Made the Mechanicals Move? Postcards in Transit
15. "The End of a Foreign Monopoly": Bausch and Lomb and the Wartime Provenance of Optical Glass
16. Pathé Films in Brazil: The Archives of "Marc Ferrez & Sons" (1908-1916)
17. Establishing the Provenance of Early Advertising Films: Film Catalogs and the Creation of the Non-theatrical Market
18. A Journey on the World's Most Northerly Railway: The Renaming and Remaking of Swedish Industrial Films
19. In Search of "The Edison Biograph Company": Film History through Philippine Archives
20. Ownership, Exploitation, Stewardship: Tracking the Footage of the 1911-1913 Australian Antarctic Expedition
Part IV: Repurposing
21. Finding Early Cinema in the Avant-Garde: Research and Investigation
22. Ernie Gehr's The Collector (2003) and Ernie Gehr the Collector
23. Flicker: Thom Andersen Takes Muybridge to the Movies
24. Provenance on Ice: Frozen Time and the Dawson City Collection
25. Praxis as Media Historiography: The Peep Box's "Expanding View" as Virtual Reality
26. How Newspaper Novels and Their Illustrations Shaped Japanese Films
27. Archival Object or Object Lesson? Bricolage as Process and as Concept in the Edmundo Padilla Collection
Appendices
28. French Language Essay: Germain Lacasse, La collection de Kerstrat-d'Hauterives, de sa provenience à sa provenance
29. French Language Essay: Priska Morrissey, D'où viennent les costumes du cinéma des premiers temps ?
30. Dryden Theatre Screening Program
Index