Gender, Judaism, and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800-1870

Gender, Judaism, and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800-1870

Benjamin Maria Baader
Distribution: World
Publication date: 5/22/2006
Format: cloth 312 pages, 12 b&w photos, 1 bibliog., 1 index
6.125 x 9.25
ISBN: 978-0-253-34734-3
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In this study of gender and religious culture, Benjamin Maria Baader explores the transformation of Judaism during a period of profound change. In 19th-century Germany, Jews became integrated into the surrounding society, achieved an outstanding degree of upward mobility, embraced bourgeois culture, and adapted Judaism to the modern world. During the same period, women moved from the margins of Jewish society into a more prominent position. Baader examines changes in practices of prayer and synagogue worship, rabbinic writings, the transformation of philanthropic and voluntary organizations, and the new roles assumed by women as educators, activists, and religious writers. By documenting the expansion of women’s spaces and women’s roles in bourgeois Judaism and tracing the feminization of Jewish men’s religious practices, Baader gives fresh insights into the gender organization of traditional Jewish culture and modern German middle-class society.

Published with the generous support of the Koret Foundation.

Author Bio

Benjamin Maria Baader is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg.


"This study is richly detailed, deeply researched, and written in an appealing style that brings us closer to the Jewish men, women, and families of this era." —Ann Taylor Allen , University of Louisville , Shofar , Vol. 26.3 (Spring 2008)

"Overall, Baader has succeeded admirably in demonstrating the vibrancy and

dynamism of Jewish religious life and its relevance to the greater participation of women

in Jewish life in nineteenth-century Germany." —dolores l. augustine, St John’s University,
European History Quarterly , 38.4 2008

"[A]n important work for students of German, Jewish and/or gender history." —
Gender and History

"[T]his is an important and stimulating book that offers fresh and thought-provoking perspectives on the history of Jewish and—more broadly—religious culture in the nineteenth century." —German History , 26.1 2008

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Table of Contents

Note on Transliterations and Bible Quotations
List of Abbreviations

Part 1. The Rise of a Bourgeois Judaism
1. The Periodical Sulamith and the Beginnings of Bourgeois Judaism
2. At the Crossroads: Politics of Inclusion and Emancipation
3. Beyond Halakhah: Judaism in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Part 2. Sites of Change
4. The Transformation of the Culture of Prayer
5. Bourgeois Synagogue Devotion
6. From Male Hevrot to Modern Jewish Voluntary Associations
7. Modern Rabbis and Jewish Women
Conclusion: Women, Men, and the Feminization of Judaism