Basic Concepts

Basic Concepts

Martin Heidegger, translated by Gary Aylesworth
Distribution: World
Publication date: 07/22/1998
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-253-21215-3
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A Choice Outstanding Academic Book of 1995

... an excellent and accessible introduction to the later Heidegger." —Choice

Heidegger’s method is unmistakable in these lectures.... This is thinking that is alive, always green." —Review of Metaphysics

This translation... enlarges our historical view of the probing advances in Heidegger’s thought." —International Studies in Philosophy

This clear translation of Martin Heidegger’s lecture course at the University of Freiburg in the winter semester of 1941, first published in German in 1981 as Grundbegriffe (volume 51 of Heidegger’s collected works), offers a concise introduction to the new directions of his later thought. In this transition, Heidegger shifts from the problem of the meaning of being to the question of the truth of being.

Author Bio

Gary E. Aylesworth teaches philosophy at Eastern Illinois University.

Reviews

““ . . . an excellent and accessible introduction to the later Heidegger.” —Choice “Heidegger's method is unmistakable in these lectures. . . . This is thinking that is alive, always green.” — Review of Metaphysics “This translation . . . enlarges our historical view of the probing advances in Heidegger's thought.” —International Studies in Philosophy This clear translation of Martin Heidegger’s lecture course of 1941 offers a concise introduction to the new directions of his later thought. In this transition, Heidegger shifts from the problem of the meaning of being to the question of the truth of being.”

“This translation . . . enlarges our historical view of the probing advances in Heidegger's thought.”
 — International Studies in Philosophy

“Heidegger's method is unmistakable in these lectures. . . . This is thinking that is alive, always green.”
 — Review of Metaphysics

“This translation is an excellent and accessible introduction to the later Heidegger. Published posthumously in 1981 as Grundbegriffe, this 1941 lecture series is an important marker in Heidegger's thinking and gives us access to his respelling out of the question of being and time. Here he sets forth eight guidewords that seem to be irresolvably contradictory assertions about being. The fact that being eludes modern reflection leads Heidegger to return to the beginnings of Western philosophical thought in search of the fateful decision about how being was to be thought—and by extension, how human being was to be defined. He asks, What if all previous answers to the questions of who we are were merely the repeated application of a [fatefully wrong] answer given long ago? While Heidegger spells out more fully his critique of humanist definitions of man in Letter on Humanism (1947), the present text shows us how his view there arises out of the quest for the meaning of being in the face of our modern forgetfulness of the ontological difference. In the second part of this work, Heidegger turns to two fragments from Anaximander, which, taken together in his interpretation, articulate at the very dawn of Western philosophy an initial saying of being and time together as timely emergence. Aylesworth's well—translated edition is essential for undergraduate libraries, recommended also for general readers, graduate students, faculty.June 1994”
 — R. E. Palmer, MacMurray

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Table of Contents

Translator’s Foreword
Introduction: The Internal Connection between Ground-Being-Inception
1. Elucidation of the title of the lecture "Basic Concepts"
Recapitulation
1. Our understnading of "basic concepts" and our relation to them as an anticipatory knowing
2. The decay of knowing in the present age: The decision in favor of the useful over what we can do without
3. The inception as a decision about what is essential in Western history (in modern times: unconditional will and technology)
4. Practicing the relation to what is "thought-worthy" by considering the ground
5. The essential admittance of historical man into the inception, into the "essence" of ground
Part One: Considering the Saying. The Differnce between Beings and Being
First Division: Discussion of the "Is", of Beings as a Whole
2. Beings as a whole are actual, possible, necessary
3. Nonconsideration of the essential distinction between being and beings
4. The nondiscoverability of the "is"
5. The unquestioned character of the "is" in its grammatical determination—emptiness and richness of meaning
6. The solution of healthy common sense: Acting and effecting amoung beings instead of empty thinking about being (workers and soldiers)
7. Renouncing being—dealing with beings
Recapitulation
1. Consideration of beings as whole presupposes the essential inclusion of man in the difference betwen being and beings
2. Wealth and poverty of meanin in the "is"
3. Equating dealing with the actual with considering begins as a whole
4. The unthought residence of man in the distinction between being and beings
Second Division: Guidewords for Reflection upon Being
8. Being is the emptiest and at the same time a surplus
9. Being is the most common and at the same time unique
10. Being is the most intelligible and at the same time concealment
11. Being is the most worn-out and at the smae time the origin
12. Being is the most reliable and