In Philanthropy, Patronage, and Civil Society, Thomas Adam has assembled a comparative set of case studies that challenge long-held and little-studied assumptions about the modern development of philanthropy. Histories of philanthropy have often neglected European patterns of giving and the importance of financial patronage to the emergence of modern industrialized societies. It has long been assumed, for example, that Germany never developed civic traditions of philanthropy as in the United States. In truth, however, 19th-century German museums, art galleries, and social housing projects were not only privately founded and supported, they were also blueprints for the creation of similar public institutions in North America. The comparative method of the essays also reveals the extent to which the wealthy classes on both sides of the Atlantic defined themselves through their philanthropic activities.
Contributors are Thomas Adam, Maria Benjamin Baader, Karsten Borgmann, Tobias Brinkmann, Brett Fairbairn, Eckhardt Fuchs, David C. Hammack, Dieter Hoffmann, Simone Lässig, Margaret Eleanor Menninger, and Susannah Morris.
“. . . I recommend it to anyone wondering about the validity of fundraising, as it positions philanthropy at the heart of many of the most exciting and important changes within society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.”
— Philanthropy UK Newsletter
“. . . view[ing] philanthropy not as an American but a European or even German invention . . . is one of the major insights . . . ”
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Table of Contents
Preliminary Table of Contents:
Introduction Thomas Adam
Part I. Philanthropy in a Transatlantic World
1.Philanthropy and the Shaping of Social Distinctions in nineteenth-century American, Canadian and German cities, Thomas Adam
2. "The Glue of Civil Society" - A Comparative Approach to Art-Museum Philanthropy at the turn of the Century, Karsten Borgmann
3. Self-Help and Philanthropy: the Emergence of Co-operatives in Britain, Germany, the U.S.A., and Canada from the mid-nineteenth to mid-twentieth Century, Brett Fairbairn
4. Patronage and the Great Institutions of the Cities of the United States: Questions and Evidence, 1800-2000, David C. Hammack
Part II. Between Market and State: Philanthropy and Social Elites
5. Philanthropy and Science in Wilhelmine Germany, Eckhardt Fuchs/Dieter Hoffmann
6.The serious matter of true joy: music and cultural philanthropy in Leipzig, 1781-1933, Margaret Eleanor Menninger
7. Changing Perceptions of Philanthropy in the Voluntary Housing Field in nineteenth and early twentieth century London, Susannah Morris
Part III. Jewish philanthropy and Embourgeoisment
8. Rabbinic Study, Self-Improvement, and Philanthropy: Gender and the Re-Fashioning of Jewish Voluntary Associations in Germany, 1750-1870, Maria Benjamin Baader
9. Ethnic Difference and Civic Unity: A German-American Comparison of Jewish Communal Philanthropy in the Nineteenth Century City, Tobias Brinkmann
10. Bürgerlichkeit, Patronage and Communal Liberalism in Germany before World War One, Simone Lässig
Contributors: Contributor bios to come