Science in the New Russia

Science in the New Russia

Crisis, Aid, Reform
Loren R. Graham and Irina Dezhina
Distribution: World
Publication date: 05/28/2008
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-253-21988-6
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The Russian science establishment was one of the largest in the world, boasting many Nobel prizes, a world-leading space program, and famous schools in mathematics, physics, and other fields. However, when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the major financial supports for the scientific community were eliminated, with resulting "brain drain." The subsequent expansion of capitalism and globalization revealed that Russian science was ill adapted to compete with other countries in high technology. Science in the New Russia tells the dramatic story of the near collapse of Russian science in the mid-1990s and of subsequent domestic and international efforts to reform and reenergize scientific activity in Russia.

Author Bio

Loren Graham, author of Moscow Stories (IUP, 2006), is a well-known historian of science who taught for many years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. He is the author of many books on the history of Soviet science.

Irina Dezhina is Leading Research Fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Moscow, and the author of many works on post-Soviet politics and society (in Russian).


“A thoroughly researched, carefully reasoned analysis of an important subject . . . The authors have a sure sense of how science functions both in Russia and in various advanced Western countries. . . . an important study.”
 — Bruce Parrott, Johns Hopkins University

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Table of Contents

List of Acronyms

1. Science at the End of the Soviet Period
2. Breakup of the Soviet Union and Crisis in Russian Science
3. Major Directions of Reform in Russian Science
4. Foundations: A Novelty in Russian Science
5. Developing a Commercial Culture for Russian Science
6. International Support of Russian Science: History and Evolution
7. Strengthening Research in Russian Universities: A U.S. and Russian Cooperative Effort
8. Impact of International Activities on Russian Science
9. Conclusion