Science in the New Russia

Science in the New Russia

Crisis, Aid, Reform
Loren Graham and Irina Dezhina
Distribution: World
Publication date: 5/5/2008
Format: paper 216 pages
6.125 x 9.25
ISBN: 978-0-253-21988-6
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Description

The Russian science establishment was one of the largest in the world, boasting many Nobel prizes, a world-leading space program, and famous schools in mathematics, physics, and other fields. However, when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the major financial supports for the scientific community were eliminated, with resulting "brain drain." The subsequent expansion of capitalism and globalization revealed that Russian science was ill adapted to compete with other countries in high technology. Science in the New Russia tells the dramatic story of the near collapse of Russian science in the mid-1990s and of subsequent domestic and international efforts to reform and reenergize scientific activity in Russia.

Author Bio

Loren Graham, author of Moscow Stories (IUP, 2006), is a well-known historian of science who taught for many years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. He is the author of many books on the history of Soviet science.

Irina Dezhina is Leading Research Fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Moscow, and the author of many works on post-Soviet politics and society (in Russian).

Reviews

"A thoroughly researched, carefully reasoned analysis of an important subject . . . The authors have a sure sense of how science functions both in Russia and in various advanced Western countries. . . . an important study." —Bruce Parrott, Johns Hopkins University

"This remarkable story is told concisely and clearly with ample documentation. A valuable resource for historians of modern science and post-Soviet Russia. . . . Highly recommended." —
Choice

"This book will be of interest not only to scholars in the area of Russian and Soviet studies, but also to anyone who is involved in policy-making in the sciences—especially in the Eastern bloc. These readers will find many recommendations on how to modernize the science industry and make it more effective." —Slavic and East European Journal

". . . [this book] supports the authors' unmatched erudition with a wealth of statistical data and thorough research, and produces penetrating analysis and stimulating conclusions. . . . would be of great interest not only to historians and sociologists of science and students of post-Soviet Russia, but also to science policy makers in many countries going through political and economic transition." —Slava Gerovitch, M.I.T., The Russian Review

"Overall, this is an exceptionally thorough and useful book, which highlights the remarkable progress that has been made in Russian science in less than 20 years; illuminates the very real potential of mutually beneficial international cooperation; provides a clear roadmap of the equally real challenges that remain in science policy and professional practice . . ." —Mark S. Johnson, Colorado College, Issues in Science & Technology

"Graham and Dezhina have produced a very insightful volume that will prove invaluable to those contemplating science policy in the region over the next decades." —Michael D. Gordin, Princeton University, Slavic Review

"This book will be of great interest not only to scholars in the area of Russian and Soviet studies, but also to anyone who is involved in poicy-making in the sciences—especially in the Eastern bloc. these readers will find many recommendations on how to modernize the science industry and make it more effective." —Slavic and East European Journal

"This book . . . provides an interesting and useful analysis of the development of research activities in Russia." —Europe-Asia Studies

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Table of Contents

Contents
Introduction
List of Acronyms

1. Science at the End of the Soviet Period
2. Breakup of the Soviet Union and Crisis in Russian Science
3. Major Directions of Reform in Russian Science
4. Foundations: A Novelty in Russian Science
5. Developing a Commercial Culture for Russian Science
6. International Support of Russian Science: History and Evolution
7. Strengthening Research in Russian Universities: A U.S. and Russian Cooperative Effort
8. Impact of International Activities on Russian Science
9. Conclusion

Notes
Index