Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language

Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language

Umberto Eco
Distribution: World
Publication date: 9/21/2009
Format: paper 256 pages
6.125 x 9.25
ISBN: 978-0-253-20398-4
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“Eco wittily and enchantingly develops themes often touched on in his previous works, but he delves deeper into their complex nature . . . this collection can be read with pleasure by those unversed in semiotic theory.” —Times Literary Supplement

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Table of Contents


1. Signs
1.1. Crisis of a concept
1.2. The signs of an obstinacy
1.3. Intension and extension
1.4. Elusive solutions
1.5. The deconstruction of the linguistic sign
1.6. Signs vs. words
1.7. The stoics
1.8. Unification of the theories and the predominance of linguistics
1.9. The ‘instructional’ model
1.10. Strong codes and weak codes
1.11. Abduction and inferential nature of signs
1.12. The criterion of interpretability
1.13. Sign and subject

2. Dictionary vs. Encyclopedia
2.1. Porphyry strikes back
2.2 Critique of the Porphyrian tree
2.3. Encyclopedias

3. Metaphor
3.1. The metaphoric nexus
3.2. Traditional definitions
3.3. Aristotle: synecdoche and Porphyrian tree
3.4. Aristotle: metaphors of three terms
3.5. Aristotle: the proportional scheme
3.6. Proportion and condensation
3.7. Dictionary and encyclopedia
3.8. The cognitive function
3.9. The semiosic background: the system of content
3.10. The limits of formalization
3.11. Componential representation and the pragmatics of the text
3.12. Conclusions

4. Symbol
4.1. Genus and species
4.2. Expressions by ratio facilis
4.3. Expressions produced by ratio difficilis
4.4. The symbolic mode
4.5. Semiotics of the symbolic mode
4.6. Conclusions

5. Code
5.1. The rise of new category
5.2. The landslide effect
5.3. Codes and communication
5.4. Codes as s-codes
5.5. Cryptography and natural languages
5.6. S-codes and signification
5.7 The genetic code
5.8. Toward a provisonal conclusion

6. Isotopy
6.1. Discursive isotopies within sentences with paradigmatic disjunction
6.2. Discursive isotopies within sentences with syntagmatic disjunction
6.3. Discursive isotopies between sentences with paradigmatic disjunction
6.4. Discursive isotopies between sentences with syntagmatic disjunction
6.5. Narrative isotopies connected with isotopic discursive disjunctions generating mutually exlusive stories
6.6 Narrative isotopies connected with isotopic discursive disjunctions that generate complementary stories
6.7. Narrative isotopies connected with discursive isotopic disjunctions that generate complementary stoies in each case
6.8. Extensional isotopies
6.9. Provisional conclusions

7. Mirrors
7.1. Is the mirror image a sign?
7.2. The imaginary and the symbolic
7.3. Getting in through the Mirror
7.4. A phenomenology of the mirror: the mirror does not invert
7.5. A pragmatics of the mirror
7.6. The mirror as a prosthesis and a channel
7.7. Absolute icons
7.8. Mirrors as rigid designators
7.9. On signs
7.10. Why mirrors do not produce signs
7.11. Freaks: distorting mirrors
7.12. Procatoptric staging
7.13. Rainbows and Fata Morganas
7.14. Catoptric theaters
7.15. Mirrors that ‘freeze’ images
7.16. The experimentum crucis

Index of authors
Index of subjects