The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic

The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic

Martin Heidegger, translated by Michael R Heim and Martin Heidegger
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 07/22/1984
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-253-20764-7
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Offering a full-scale study of the theory of reality hidden beneath modern logic, The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic, a lecture course given in 1928, illuminates the transitional phase in Heidegger's thought from the existential analysis of Being and Time to the overcoming of metaphysics in his later philosophy. In a searching exposition of the metaphysical problems underpinning Leibniz's theory of logical judgment, Heidegger establishes that a given theory of logic is rooted in a certain conception of Being. He explores the significance of Western logic as a system-building technical tool and as a cultural phenomenon that is centuries old.

Author Bio

Michael Heim is the author of Electric Language: A Philosophical Study of Word Processing.


““ . . . the most detailed statement of Heidegger’s reflections on logic available in English.” —Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal “Heim’s excellent translation is eminently readable.” —Canadian Philosophical Review “All in all, an extraordinary book.” —David Farrell Krell”

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Table of Contents

Key to References Cited in the Text

I. On the traditional conception of logic
II. Introduction to the idea of philosophy
III. The Definition of philosophy according to Aristotle
IV. The Basic question of philosophy and the question of man
V. Basic problems of a philosophical logic
VI. The traditional classifications of logic and the task of returning to the foundations of this logic

Preliminary Note

Firt Major Part
Dismantling Leibniz’s Doctrine of Judgement Down to Basic Metaphysical Problems

1. Characterization of the general structure of judgment
2. Judgement and the idea of truth. The basic forms of truth
In memoriam Max Scheler
3. The idea of truth and the principles of knowledge
4. The idea of knowledge as such
5. The essential determination of the being of genuine beings
a) The monad as drive
b) Intermediate reflections to find the guiding clue for the interpretation of being
c) The structure
6. The basic notion of being as such (not carried out)
7. The theory of judgment and the notion of being. Logic and ontology

Second Major Part
The Metaphysics of the Principle of Reason as the Foundational Problem of Logic

First Section: Exposition of teh Dimensions of the Problem

8. The principle of ground as a rule of thought
9. The essence of truth and its essential relation to "ground"
a) The essence of propositional truth
b) Intentionality and transcendence
10. The problem of transcendence and the problem of Being and Time
Appendix: Describing the Idea and Function of a Fundamental Ontology

Second Section: The problem of Ground

11. The transcendence of Dasein
a) On the concept of transcendence
b) The phenomenon of world
c) Freedom and world

12. Transcendence and temporality (nihil originarium)
13. Transcendence temporalizing itself in temporality and the essence of ground
14. The essence of groun