Mass Violence in Nazi-Occupied Europe

Mass Violence in Nazi-Occupied Europe

Alex J. Kay and David Stahel
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 07/03/2018
Format: Paperback 4 b&w illus.
ISBN: 978-0-253-03681-0
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Description

Mass Violence in Nazi-Occupied Europe argues for a more comprehensive understanding of what constitutes Nazi violence and who was affected by this violence. The works gathered consider sexual violence, food depravation, and forced labor as aspects of Nazi aggression. Contributors focus in particular on the Holocaust, the persecution of the Sinti and Roma, the eradication of "useless eaters" (psychiatric patients and Soviet prisoners of war), and the crimes of the Wehrmacht. The collection concludes with a consideration of memorialization and a comparison of Soviet and Nazi mass crimes. While it has been over 70 years since the fall of the Nazi regime, the full extent of the ways violence was used against prisoners of war and civilians is only now coming to be fully understood. Mass Violence in Nazi-Occupied Europe provides new insight into the scale of the violence suffered and brings fresh urgency to the need for a deeper understanding of this horrific moment in history.

Author Bio

Alex J. Kay teaches at the University of Potsdam. He is author of Exploitation, Resettlement, Mass Murder: Political and Economic Planning for German Occupation Policy in the Soviet Union, 1940–1941.

David Stahel is Senior Lecturer at the University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia. His publications include Operation Barbarossa and Germany's Defeat in the East, Kiev 1941, Operation Typhoon, and The Battle for Moscow.

Reviews

"Mass Violence in Nazi-Occupied Europe is an excellent work that makes a compelling argument for a more comprehensive study of Third Reich criminality, encompassing more than the Final Solution. It provides a very effective synopsis of the state of play of Holocaust-related research and the important work being done by international scholars in a number of less-explored fields."

 (Mark Montesclaros, US Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Gordon Satellite Campus)

"A groundbreaking series of articles on German mass killing and violence during World War II"

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Table of Contents

Introduction


Alex J. Kay / David Stahel



Part I. HOLOCAUST



1: Hitler's Generals in the East and the Holocaust


Johannes Hürter



2:Jews Sent into the Occupied Soviet Territories for Labor Deployment, 1942–1943


Martin Dean



Chapter 3: Were the Jews of North Africa included in the Practical Planning for the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question"?


Dan Michman



Part II. SINTI AND ROMA



4: "The definitive solution to the Gypsy question": The Pan-European Genocide of the European Roma


Wolfgang Wippermann



5: Deadly Odyssey: East Prussian Sinti in Białystok, Brest-Litovsk and Auschwitz-Birkenau


Martin Holler




Part III. "USELESS EATERS"



6: Soviet Prisoners of War in National Socialist Concentration Camps: Current Knowledge and Research Desiderata


Reinhard Otto / Rolf Keller



7: The Murder of Psychiatric Patients by the SS and the Wehrmacht in Poland and the Soviet Union, especially in Mogilev, 1939–1945


Ulrike Winkler / Gerrit Hohendorf




Part IV. WEHRMACHT



8: Reconceiving Criminality in the German Army on the Eastern Front, 1941/1942


Alex J. Kay / David Stahel



9: Bodily Conquest: Sexual Violence in the Nazi East


Waitman Wade Beorn



Part V. MEMORIALIZATION



10: The Holocaust in the Occupied USSR and its Memorialization in Contemporary Russia


Il'ya Al'tman



Chapter 11: The Baltic Movement to Obfuscate the Holocaust


Dovid Katz




Part VI. HISTORY AS COMPARISON



12: Comparing Soviet and Nazi Mass Crimes


Hans-Heinrich Nolte



Selected Bibliography



Index