... a landmark work, the first attempt to write a pre-history of minimalism that embraces all the arts. Its importance cannot be overestimated." —K. Robert Schwarz, Institute for Studies in American Music
All told, this book is mandatory reading for anyone who wishes to understand the history and nature of minimalism." —i/e/ NINE
The death of Minimalism is announced regularly, which may be the surest testimonial to its staying power." This is the opening sentence of Edward Strickland's study, the first to examine in detail Minimalist tendencies in the plastic arts and music.
The term Minimalism appeared in the mid-1960s, primarily with reference to the stripped-down sculpture of artists like Robert Morris and Donald Judd, both of whom detested the word. In the late 1970s it gained currency when applied to the repetitive music popularized by Steve Reich and Philip Glass.
In the first part of the book, "Paint," Strickland shows how Minimalism offered a rethinking of the main schools of abstract art to mid-century. Within Abstract Expressionism Barnett Newman opposed the stylistic complexity of confessional action painting with non-gestural color-field painting. Ad Reinhartdt and Ellsworth Kelly reconceived the rhythmic construction of earlier Geometrical Abstraction in "invisible" and brilliant monochromes respectively; and Robert Rauschenberg created Dadaist anti-art in pure white panels.
Next, Strickland surveys Minimal music, from La Monte Young's long-tone compositions of the 1950s to his drone works of the Theatre of Eternal Music. He examines the effect of foreign and nonclassical American music on Terry Riley's motoric repetition, developed from his tape experimentation; Steve Reich's formulation of phasing technique; and Philip Glass's unison modules.
The third part of the book treats the development of Minimal sculpture and its critical reception. Strickland also discusses analogous Minimalist tendencies in dance, film,