The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume I

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume I

Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA)
Geoffrey Megargee, Elie Wiesel
Distribution: World
Publication date: 05/22/2009
Format: Hardback 192 b&w photos, 23 maps
ISBN: 978-0-253-35328-3
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Winner, 2009 National Jewish Book Awards, HolocaustWinner, 2010 Judaica Reference Award

This monumental 7-volume encyclopedia, the result of years of work by the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, will describe the universe of camps and ghettos—some 20,000 in all—that the Nazis and their allies operated, from Norway to North Africa and from France to Russia. For the first time, a single reference work will provide detailed information on each individual site.

This first volume covers three groups of camps: the early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German children and adolescents. Overview essays provide context for each category, while each camp entry provides basic information about the site's purpose; the prisoners, guards, working and living conditions; and key events in the camp's history. Material from personal testimonies helps convey the character of the site, while source citations provide a path to additional information.

Author Bio

Geoffrey P. Megargee is an applied research scholar at the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. He is author of War of Annihilation: Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front, 1941 and Inside Hitler's High Command.


“An outstanding work of scholarship that marks a major achievement in studies of the Shoah. Martin Dean and his expert contributors draw on archival records, survivor testimonies, and publications in countless languages to produce vivid accounts of hundreds of the Holocaust sites now known as 'ghettos.' The results both confirm and unsettle conventional wisdom. . . . The details are unforgettable: a ghetto that consisted of only two houses; an orphanage known as a 'children's cage'; Jews who went on foot from their homes to the killing center of Treblinka.”
 — Doris L. Bergen, author of War and Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust

“A meticulously researched account of Nazi ghettos in Eastern Europe. The editors have mined all possible resources in many languages and presented their findings in succinct, lucid language. The production of the volume is exemplary. It will serve as the standard reference work on the subject.”
 — Zvi Gitelman, University of Michigan

“This magnificent collective effort, uniting the research and expertise of leading scholars from around the world, provides a fundamental new reference for the history of the Holocaust. Anyone who wishes to understand the variety of Jewish experience in the ghettos and the scale of the destruction of a whole European world must consult this encyclopedia.”
 — Timothy Snyder, author of Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin

“The most efficacious way of fighting the scourge of Holocaust denial is with the facts. No argument posed by deniers can withstand the overwhelming weight of the truth. This encyclopedia will provide a host of detail about crucial aspects of the Holocaust that cannot be found elsewhere.”
 — Deborah E. Lipstadt, author of History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving

“An indispensable source that no one individual could compile in a lifetime of research. . . . An especially useful reference work for anyone working with survivor memoirs and testimonies.”
 — Christopher R. Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland

“Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2009 Winner, 2009 National Jewish Book Awards, Holocaust Winner, 2010 Judaica Reference Award”

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Elie Wiesel
Reader's Guide
List of Abbreviations

Early Camps
Camps: Ahrensbök-Holstendorf-Zwickau

Youth camps

WVHA Camps


Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Altdorf-Tschechowitz

Main camp
Camps: Bomlitz-Unterlüss

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Abteroda-Wolfen

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Augsburg-Horgau-Zangberg

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Altenhammer-Zwodau

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Aslau-Zittau

Main camp
Camps: Amersfoort-Venlo

Main camp
Camps: Bad Nauheim-Zeltingen

Main camp
Camps: Kauen-Alexoten-Schaulen

Main camp
Camps: Kabelwerk-Zakopane

Main camp
Camps: Blizyn-Trawniki

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Amstetten-Wien-Schwechat-Heidfeld

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Ballenstedt-Napola-Wickerode

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Adun-le-Tiche-Wesserling

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Alt Garge-Wöbbelin

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Ansbach-Zichow

Main camp
Camps: Dondangen-VEF

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Bad Saarow-Wulkow

Camps: Alderney-Wuppertal

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Adlershorst-Zeyersvorderkampen

Main camp
Camps: Aseri-Vivikonna



International Tracing Service Sources Update
About the Editor
List of Contributors