The French Betrayal of Rwanda

The French Betrayal of Rwanda

Kroslak, Daniela
Distribution: Antigua and Barbuda Barbados Bahamas Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grena
Publication date: 10/12/2007
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-253-21974-9
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After the Holocaust, the victorious Allies pledged "never again" and enshrined their promise in the UN Convention on Genocide. Daniela Kroslak explores what the responsibility to prevent genocide entails by asking the following questions about what happened in Rwanda in 1994: To what extent can external actors, such as the French government, be held responsible for not preventing or suppressing genocide? Why did outsiders remain passive while Hutu extremists perpetrated genocide against their compatriots? How can the French government's responsibility be evaluated? What was France's role in the chilling events that took place in Rwanda? Focusing on three key themes—French awareness of the impending disaster, French involvement before the genocide, and French diplomatic efforts and military capacity to change the tide—Kroslak concludes that "never again" must be upheld by action and accountability.

Author Bio

Daniela Kroslak is a conflict analyst at the United Nations Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo.


This book goes much further than just explaining the disaster of French policy and proving French responsibility. It presents a fundamental set of questions regarding international responsibility and action against mass murder which are still relevant [today].

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Table of Contents

1. The Rwandan Genocide and French Responsibility
2. What Led to the Genocide: A Historical Background
3. The Complexity of French Policy in Africa
4. Preparing for the Unimaginable: What the French Knew
5. The "Chapitre Noir " of French African Policy
6. Prevention Possible? What the French Could Have Done
7. "We Know but We Won't Tell"
8. Too Little Too Late
9. What the French Could Have Done
10. Facing Responsibility
Appendix 1: Chronology
Appendix 2: Genocide Convention