Cosmopolitan Film Cultures in Latin America examines how cinema forged cultural connections between Latin American publics and film-exporting nations in the first half of the twentieth century. Predating today’s transnational media industries by several decades, these connections were defined by active economic and cultural exchanges, as well as longstanding inequalities in political power and cultural capital. The essays explore the arrival and expansion of cinema throughout the region, from the first screenings of the Lumière Cinématographe in 1896 to the emergence of new forms of cinephilia and cult spectatorship in the 1940s and beyond. Examining these transnational exchanges through the lens of the cosmopolitan, which emphasizes the ethical and political dimensions of cultural consumption, illuminates the role played by moving images in negotiating between the local, national, and global, and between the popular and the elite in twentieth-century Latin America. In addition, primary historical documents provide vivid accounts of Latin American film critics, movie audiences, and film industry workers’ experiences with moving images produced elsewhere, encounters that were deeply rooted in the local context, yet also opened out onto global horizons.
|...an indispensable and timely work of historiography.
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Table of Contents
Part I: The Silent Era: Between Global Capitalism and National Modernization
Primary text: "The Lumière Cinematograph," El Monitor Republicano (Mexico City), August 16, 1896
1. Gabriel Veyre and Fernand Bon Bernard, Representatives of the Lumière Brothers in Mexico / Aurelio de los Reyes
Primary text: Tic Tac (Carlos Villafañe), "The Show on June 15th," Películas (Bogotá), June 1919
2. Films on Paper: Early Colombian Cinema Periodicals, 1916-1920 / Juan Sebastián Ospina León
Primary text: Enrique Méndez Calzada, "The Lover of Rudolph Valentino" from And Christ Returned to Buenos Aires (1926)
3. Manipulation and Authenticity: The Unassimilable Valentino in 1920s Argentina / Giorgio Bertellini
Part II: The Interwar Period: Between Hollywood and the Avant-Garde
Primary text: Felipe de Leiva, "Memoirs of an Extra," Cinelandia, (Hollywood) November/December 1927
4. Mediating the ‘Conquering and Cosmopolitan Cinema:’ Latin American Audiences and U.S. Film Magazines in Spanish, 1916-1948 / Rielle Navitski
Primary text: Octávio de Faria, "Russian Cinema and Brazilian Cinema," O Fan (Rio de Janeiro), October 2, 1928
5. Parallel Modernities: the First Reception of Soviet Cinema in Latin America / Sarah Ann Wells
Primary text: Guillermo de Torre, "The Cineclub of Buenos Aires," La Gaceta Literaria (Madrid), April 1, 1930
6. A Gaze Turned Towards Europe: Modernity and Tradition in the Work of Horacio Coppola / Andrea Cuarterolo
Part III: The Golden Age of Latin American Film Industries: Negotiating the Popular and the Cosmopolitan
Primary text: John Alton, "Motion Picture Production in South America," International Photographer (Hollywood), May 1934
7. John Alton in Argentina, 1932-1939 / Nicolas Poppe
8. The Golden Age Otherwise: Mexican Cinema and the Mediations of Capitalist Modernity in the 1940s and 1950s / Ignacio M. Sánchez Prado
Primary text: Gabriel García Márquez,