The Basic Problems of Phenomenology, Revised Edition

The Basic Problems of Phenomenology, Revised Edition

Martin Heidegger, translated by Albert Hofstadter
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 08/22/1988
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-253-20478-3
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A Choice Outstanding Academic Book of 1982

A lecture course that Martin Heidegger gave in 1927, The Basic Problems of Phenomenology continues and extends explorations begun in Being and Time. In this text, Heidegger provides the general outline of his thinking about the fundamental problems of philosophy, which he treats by means of phenomenology, and which he defines and explains as the basic problem of ontology.

Author Bio

Albert Hofstadter is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His translation of Heidegger's Poetry, Language, Thought received a National Book Award.


“This volume belongs in every collection on Heidegger and is required reading for anyone interested in this major thinker.”
 — Religious Studies Review

“In Albert Hofstadter’s excellent translation, we can listen in as Heidegger clearly and patiently explains . . . the ontological difference.”
 — Times Literary Supplement

“Perhaps the most generally accessible text that Heidegger published. . . . The translation is superb.”
 — Key Reporter

“For all students and scholars, Basic Problems will provide the "missing link" between Husserl and Heidegger, between phenomenology and Being and Time.”
 — Teaching Philosophy

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Table of Contents

Translator’s Preface
Translator’s Introduction

1. Exposition and General Division of the theme
2. The concept of philosophy. Philosophy and world-view
3. Philosophy as science of being
4. The four theses about being and the basic problems of phenomenology
5. The character of ontological method. The three basic components of phenomenological method
6. Outline of the course

Part One: Critical Phenomenological Discussion of Some Traditional Theses about Being
Chapter One: Kant’s Thesis: Being Is Not a Real Predicate
7. The content of the Kantian thesis
8. Phenomenological analysis of the explanation of the concept of being or of existence given by Kant
9. Demonstration of the need for a more fundamental formulation of the problem of the thesis and of a more radical foundation of this problem

Chapter Two: The Thesis of Medeval Ontology Derived from Aristotle: To the Constitution of the Being of a Being There Belong Essence and Existence
10. The Content of the thesis and its traditional discussion
11. Phenomenological clarification of the problem underlying the second thesis
12. Proof of the inadequate foundation of the traditional treatment of the problem

Chapter Three: The Thesis of Modern Ontology: The Basic Ways of Being Are the Being of Nature (res Extensa) and the Being of Mind (Res Cogitans)
13. Characterization of the ontological distinction between res extensa and res cogitans with the aid of the Kantian formulation of the problem
14. Phenomenological critique of the Kantian solution and demonstration of the need to pose the question in fundamental principle
15. The fundamental problem of the multiplicity of ways of being and of the unity of the concept of being in general

Chapter Four: The Thesis of Logic: Every Being, Regardless of Its Particular Way of Being, Can Be Addressed and Talked About by Means of the "Is". The Being of the Copula
16. Delineation of the