Secret Gardens, Satanic Mills offers a comparative history of European girlhood from 1750 to 1960, with a focus on Britain, France, and Germany. It covers diverse issues in the lives of girls, from sexuality and leisure to social roles in the family and the economy. A corrective to historians’ traditionally male orientation toward youth, the volume brings girls to the center of European history, emphasizing their importance in European economics and culture. It also identifies cultural and temporal differences within the European experience, particularly with regard to the spaces girls occupied. While the contributors appreciate the importance of systemic and institutional factors in shaping young girls’ lives, they are also sensitive to the ways in which girls have been able to resist dominance and create their own destinies.
The contributors are Kathleen Alaimo, Christina Benninghaus, Pamela Cox, Clare Crowston, Anna Davin, Andreas Gestrich, Céline Grasser, Irene Hardach-Pinke, Elizabeth Bright Jones, Clair Langhamer, Mary Jo Maynes, Carol E. Morgan, Tammy M. Proctor, Rebecca Rogers, Karin Schmidlechner, Deborah Simonton, Birgitte Søland, and Mary Lynn Stewart.
|. . . While almost all of the essays would easily fit into larger literatures of family, sexuality, consumer culture, and/or domesticity, their publication together is especially illuminating as a way of seeing shifts in institutional and social perceptions of young unmarried women. . . This is a fine collection of articles that adds to our understanding of girlhood and even serves to justify a new historical focus on young girls who might otherwise have been overlooked for their historical unimportance as both young and female.
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Table of Contents
Part I. Working Girls' Labor and Lives in the Pre-industrial and Early Industrial Eras
1. Deborah Simonton: Bringing up Girls: Work in Pre-Industrial Europe
2. Mary Jo Maynes: In Search of Arachne's Daughters: European Girls, Economic Development, and the Textile Trade, 1750-1880
3. Andreas Gestrich: After Dark: Girls' Leisure, Work and Sexuality in Eighteenth- and
Nineteenth-century Rural Southwest Germany
4. Clare Crowston: An Industrious Revolution in Late Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Paris: New Vocational Training for Adolescent Girls and the Creation of Female Labor Markets
5. Carol E. Morgan: Work for Girls? The Small Metal Industries in England, 1840-1915.
II. Spaces of Socialization of Middle- and Upper-class Girls in the 18th and 19th Centuries
6. Irene Hardach-Pinke: Managing Girls' Sexuality Among the German Upper Classes
7. Rebecca Rogers: Porous Walls and Prying Eyes: Control, Discipline, and Morality in Boarding Schools for Girls in mid-19th century France.
8. Céline Grasser: Good Girls vs. Blooming Maidens: The Building of Female Middle-Class Identities in the Garden, England and France, 1820-1870.
III. Redefining Girlhood: Competing Discourses on Female Adolescence, 1880 - 1950
9. Kathleen Alaimo: The Authority of Experts: The Crisis of Female Adolescence in France and England, 1880-1920.
10. Mary Lynn Stewart: Sex Education and Sexual Initiation of Bourgeois French Girls, 1880-1930.
11. Christina Benninghaus: In Their Own Words: Girls' Representations of Growing Up in Germany in the 1920s.
12. Pamela Cox: Girls in Trouble. Defining Female Delinquency, Britain 1900-1950.
IV. Changing Patterns of Work and Leisure, 1880-1960
13. Anna Davin: Young Women and Clerical Work in England, 1880-1910.
14. Elizabeth Jones: Girls in Court: Mägde versus their Employers in Saxony, 1880-1914.
15. Tammy Proctor: 'Something for the girls': Organized Leisure in Europe, 1890-19