Metaphysics and Oppression

Metaphysics and Oppression

Heidegger’s Challenge to Western Philosophy
John McCumber
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 11/22/1999
Format: Paperback 3 figures, 1 bibliog., 1 index
ISBN: 978-0-253-21316-7
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A Choice Outstanding Academic Book of 2000

In this stunning philosophical accomplishment, McCumber sheds important new light on the history of substance metaphysics and Heidegger's challenge to metaphysical thinking.... Well-documented, brilliant, definitely a major contribution to philosophy!" —Choice

In this compelling work, John McCumber unfolds a history of Western metaphysics that is also a history of the legitimation of oppression. That is, until Heidegger. But Heidegger himself did not see how his conception of metaphysics opened doors to challenge the domination encoded in structures and institutions—such as slavery, colonialism, and marriage—that in the past have given order to the Western world.

Author Bio

John McCumber is Professor of German at Northwestern University. He is author of Poetic Interaction: Language, Freedom, Reason and The Company of Words: Hegel, Language, and Systematic Philosophy.

Reviews

“"In this stunning philosophical accomplishment, McCumber sheds important new light on the history of substance metaphysics and Heidegger's challenge to metaphysical thinking. . . . Well-documented, brilliant, definitely a major contribution to philosophy!" —Choice In this compelling work, John McCumber unfolds a history of Western metaphysics that is also a history of the legitimation of oppression. That is, until Heidegger. But Heidegger himself did not see how his conception of metaphysics opened doors to challenge the domination encoded in structures and institutions—such as slavery, colonialism, and marriage—that in the past have given order to the Western world.”

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Table of Contents

Proem
Introduction: Two Heideggers and Their Challenge
Part 1: The Codification and Consolidation of Ousia (Aristotle and Aquinas)
1. Aristotle’s Concept of Ousia
2. Ousia as Parameter in Aristotle
3. The Docility of Matter in Thomas Aquinas
4. Two Ancient Engines of Oppression
Appendix to Part 1: Plato and Prehistory
Part 2: The Modern Eviction of Ousia (Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Hume)
Introduction to Part 2
5. The Cartesian Relocation of Ousia
6. Ousia and Sovereignty in Hobbes
7. Ousia and Property Rights in Locke
8. The Triumph of the Individual in Hume
9. Critical Accounts of Oppression in Mudimbe, Douglass, de Beauvoir
Appendix to Part 2: Ousiodic Structures in Spinoza and Leibniz
Part 3: Heidegger’s Challenge to Ousia
10. Heidegger’s Presentation of Diakena in Being and Time
11. Diakena and Thing in the Later Heidegger
12. Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index