To Export Progress

The Golden Age of University Assistance in the Americas
Daniel C. Levy
Distribution: World
Publication date: 5/24/2005
ISBN: 978-0-253-11140-1
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Description

"An immensely valuable and detailed analysis of foreign, mainly American, assistance to Latin American higher education, To Export Progress provides an understanding of the 'what' and the 'why' of foreign aid to a key sector. This book will be a classic in its field." —Philip G. Altbach, Monan Professor of Higher Education, Boston College

"Professor Daniel C. Levy, a leading authority in the field of higher education and the nonprofit sector in Latin America, once again has opened an otherwise neglected field through his carefully researched and reported study of philanthropic support for university reform in the region. Drawing on a wealth of archival material, documentary evidence, interviews, and first hand experience with the actors and agencies involved, To Export Progress illuminates the vision and ideals inspiring international agencies, as much as the realities they confronted in deciding on grants and loans policy, from the 1960s to the 1980s. The book is strongly recommended for scholars and students of international education, for Latin American experts, and for philanthropic managers and educational administrators in the developing world." —Jorge Balan, Senior Program Officer for Higher Education, The Ford Foundation.

In this study of the attempts to export the modern Western university, its ideas, and its form to the Third World, Daniel C. Levy examines the development assistance provided by the Ford Foundation, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and the Inter-American Development Bank and their relations with local partners in Latin America in the 1960s and 1970s. Levy considers the funders, how they selected partners, which countries and institutions were favored, and to what effect. Based on meticulous research and careful analysis, the book provides a detailed look at philanthropic assistance to the region during the era of modernization and development in Latin America.

Author Bio

Daniel C. Levy is Distinguished Professor of Educational Administration and Policy Studies at the State University of New York at Albany. His book Building the Third Sector won the 1997 ARNOVA prize for best book.

Reviews

"An immensely valuable and detailed analysis of foreign, mainly American, assistance to Latin American higher education, To Export Progress provides an understanding of the 'what' and the 'why' of foreign aid to a key sector. This book will be a classic in its field." —Philip G. Altbach, Monan Professor of Higher Education, Boston College

"Professor Daniel C. Levy, a leading authority in the field of higher education and the nonprofit sector in Latin America, once again has opened an otherwise neglected field through his carefully researched and reported study of philanthropic support for university reform in the region. Drawing on a wealth of archival material, documentary evidence, interviews, and first hand experience with the actors and agencies involved, To Export Progress illuminates the vision and ideals inspiring international agencies, as much as the realities they confronted in deciding on grants and loans policy, from the 1960s to the 1980s. The book is strongly recommended for scholars and students of international education, for Latin American experts, and for philanthropic managers and educational administrators in the developing world." —Jorge Balan, Senior Program Officer for Higher Education, The Ford Foundation.

"This book by Daniel Levy represents a necessary and original contribution to the field of international higher education. Scholars who are interested in Latin American higher education and in the study of international organizations sponsoring development initiatives in these countries will benefit significantly from reading this volume." —Alma Maldonado-Maldonado, University of Arizona,
REVIEW OF HIGHER EDUCATION , Vol. 31.1 Fall 2007

". . . Levy’s book renews our awareness of the continuing presence and historical effect of U.S.-exported models upon our own institutions and our university traditions and identities." —Imanol Ordorika, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,
ACADEME Online , Jan.-Feb. 2007

"It . . . offer[s] a useful comparison of the goals and results of foreign assistance to universities in the region. In an era of political turmoil, economic ups and downs, and the rapid massification of higher education, it shows that genuine or lasting reform would have required a far more comprehensive web of initiatives (and far more aid) than 'ideal typical' donors could provide." —Adam R. Nelson, University of Wisconsin-Madison,
History of Education Quarterly online , Vol.49.1 Feb. 2009

"Due to the breadth of its scope, the book has several potential targets: scholars of international and comparative education, Latin American historians, higher education researchers, and those interested in the difficult relationship between donors and recipients in Latin America. Yet of all the contributions this book makes, the reserved yet optimistic conclusion that assistance in Latin America actually led to progress may be the most important. Those working in the trenches of development work take note: what you’re doing matters, and Daniel Levy has the evidence to prove it." —
THOMAS F. LUSCHEI, Florida State University, Comparative Education Review , Vol 50. No4. November 2006

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Table of Contents

Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments
List of Acronyms
Introduction: To Export Progress
1. Perspectives on Change
2. Givers and Receivers
3. Modernizing the System: Diversification and Expansion
4. Institution Building: Centralizing the University
5. Academic Work
6. Promise and Performance in Exporting Progress
Appendixes
A. GDP Price Multiplier
B. Interviews
C. IDB Documents
D. Federalism's Parallels to Assistance on the Philanthropic Ideal Type
E. Data on Three Main Donors: Sources and Coverage
F. Population of Latin America, 1955—85
G. Enrollment in Latin American Higher Education, 1955—85
H. Ford Foundation Grants to Latin American Universities by Nation, 1959—84
I. AID Assistance by Nation and Year
J. IDB Higher Education Allocations, 1962—84
K. LASPAU Scholarships to Latin American Students by Nation and Year L. Enrollment in Spanish America: National Universities and Total Systems
M. Enrollment in Spanish America: National Universities and Public Sector
N. Enrollment in Latin America: Private Universities and Total Systems
O. Ford Foundation Grants to Spanish American Universities by Institutional Type and Nation, 1959—84
P. AID to Spanish American Universities by Institutional Type and Nation, 1950—69
Q. IDB Assistance to Latin American Higher Education by Institutional Type and Nation, 1962—84
R. Assistance by Field of Study in 1960s (in percentages)
S. Domestic Enrollment by Field of Study, 1955—85
Notes
References
Index