Making the Nonprofit Sector in the United States
Now in paperback!

Making the Nonprofit Sector in the United States

A Reader
Edited with Introductions by David C. Hammack
Distribution: World
Publication date: 6/1/2000
Format: paper 504 pages, 1 index
6.125 x 9.25
ISBN: 978-0-253-21410-2
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Now in paperback!
Making the Nonprofit Sector in the United States
A Reader
Edited with Introductions by David C. Hammack

"Masterfully mining and sifting a four-century historical record, David Hammack has composed an extraordinarily valuable volume: a ‘one-stop-shopping’ sourcebook on the secular and religious origins and the astonishing growth (and periodic growing pains) of America’s nonprofit sector—and the challenges and dilemmas it confronts today." —John Simon, Yale University

"It is a delight to see an anthology on nonprofit history done so well." —Barry Karl, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

"This is a volume that everyone concerned about nonprofits—scholar, practitioner, and citizen—will
find useful and illuminating." —Peter Dobkin Hall, Program on Non-Profit Organizations Yale Divinity School

"A remarkable book." —Robert Putnam, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

"An outstanding and timely collection of essential readings for students, researchers and practitioners, carefully edited and introduced by one of the leading historical authorities on the nonprofit sector." —Roseanne M. Mirabella, Center for Public Service, Seton Hall University

Unique among nations, the United States conducts almost all of its formally organized religious activity, as well as many cultural, arts, human service, educational, and research activities, through private nonprofit organizations. This reader explores their history by presenting some of the classic documents in the development of the nonprofit sector along with important interpretations and critiques by recent scholars.

David C. Hammack is Hiram C. Haydon Professor of History and Chair of the Committee on Educational Programs of the Mandel Center for Nonprofit Organizations at Case Western Reserve University.

Philanthropic Studies—Dwight F. Burlingame and David C. Hammack, general editors

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Table of Contents

I. British and Colonial Patterns
One. Colonial Theory: Established Churches
1. The Statute of Charitable Uses, 1601
2. The Elizabethan Poor Law, 1601
3. Report to the Viceroy of Mexico on Conditions at Santa Fe, 1601
4. A Model of Christian Charity, 1630
5. Virginia General Assembly, Laws Regulating Conduct and Religion, 1642
6. New England's First Fruits, 1643
7. Account of the Ceremony Proclaiming New France, 1671

Two. Colonial Reality: Religious Diversity
8. Remonstrance against the Law against Quakers, 1657
9. Virginia's Cure, 1662
10. The Great Case of Liberty of Conscience, 1670
11. Essays to Do Good, 1710
12. Argument against Anglican Control of King's College (Columbia), 1753
13. Journal of the Carolina Backcountry, 1767-68
14. Recollections of Institution-Building, 1771-84

II. The American Revolution: Sources of the Nonprofit Sector
Three. To the Constitution: Limited Government and Disestablishment
15. Cato’s Letters: Arguments against a Strong Central Government, 1720
16. Argument against Taxes for Religious Purposes in Massachusetts, 1774
17. Virginia Act Establishing Religious Freedom, 1786
18. The Federalist, No. 10, 1787
19. The Constitution of the United States, excerpts, 1789, and The First and Tenth Amendments, 1791

Four. Voluntarism under the Constitution
20. Autobiographical Statement on the 1818 Disestablishment of the "Standing Order" in Connecticut, 1864
21. The Dartmouth College Case, 1818 and 1819
22. Political Associations in the United States, 1835, and Of the Use Which Americans Make of Public Associations in Civil Society, 1840

III. Uses of Nonprofit Organizations
Five. Varieties of Religious Nonprofits
23. Organized Activity among Slaves, 1849 and 1839
24. The Voluntary Principle in American Christianity, 1844
25. Institutions, Autonomy, and National Networks, 1982
26. Social Catholicism, 1975
27. The Jewish Tradition of Community, 1970

Six. Nonprofit Organizations as Alternative Power Structures
28. Women Together: Organizations in Antebellum Petersburg, Virginia, 1984
29. Parallel Power Structures: Women and the Voluntary Sphere, 1990
30. Cooperation among Negro Americans, 1907

IV. Nonprofit Structures for the Twentieth Century
Seven. Science, Professionalism, Foundations, Federations
31. Debate over Government Subsidies, 1908 and 1900
32. Business at the Bedside: Health Care in Brooklyn, 1890-1915, 1979
33. Address on the Tenth Anniversary of the Rockefeller Institute, 1911
34. Community Foundations: The Delicate Question of Purpose, 1989
35. Community Chest, 1957
36. The March of Dimes: Origins and Prospects, 1957

Eight. Federal Regulation and Federal Funds
37. Pierce v. Society of the Sisters, 1925
38. Debate over a Nonprofit Organization in Mississippi, 1967
39. The Filer Commission, The Third Sector, 1974
40. The Political Economy of Nonprofit Revenues, 1993
41. Rust v. Sullivan, 1991