Women and the French Army during the World Wars, 1914-1940

Women and the French Army during the World Wars, 1914–1940

Andrew Orr
Distribution: World
Publication date: 5/1/2017
ISBN: 978-0-253-02678-1
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Description

How did women contribute to the French Army in the World Wars? Drawing on myriad sources, historian Andrew Orr examines the roles and value of the many French women who have been overlooked by historians—those who worked as civilians supporting the military. During the First World War, most officers expected that the end of the war would see a return to prewar conditions, so they tolerated women in supporting roles. But soon after the November 1918 armistice, the French Army fired more than half its female employees. Demobilization created unexpected administrative demands that led to the next rehiring of many women. The army’s female workforce grew slowly and unevenly until 1938 when preparations for war led to another hiring wave; however, officers resisted all efforts to allow women to enlist as soldiers and alternately opposed and ignored proposals to recognize them as long-term employees. Orr’s work offers a critical look at the indispensable wartime roles filled by women behind the lines.

Author Bio

Andrew Orr is assistant professor of history at Kansas State University and a member of its Security Studies Program. He earned his PhD from the University of Notre Dame and his work focuses on French military and political history from 1870 to 1945. Orr lives in Manhattan, Kansas.

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Table of Contents

Introduction
1. Weapons of Total War, 1914-1918
2. The Failure of the Demobilization Purge, 1919-1923
3. The 1927 and 1928 Army Laws
4. War Clouds, 1929-1938
5. “She remained at her post until the very end:” Women and Second World War
Conclusion
Selected Bibliography