The Image in Early Cinema

The Image in Early Cinema

Form and Material
Edited by Scott Curtis, Philippe Gauthier, Tom Gunning and Joshua Yumibe
Distribution: Global
Publication date: 03/22/2018
Format: Paperback 46 b&w illus.
ISBN: 978-0-253-03439-7
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In The Image in Early Cinema, the contributors examine intersections between early cinematic form, technology, theory, practice, and broader modes of visual culture. They argue that early cinema emerged within a visual culture composed of a variety of traditions in art, science, education, and image making. Even as methods of motion picture production and distribution materialized, they drew from and challenged practices and conventions in other mediums. This rich visual culture produced a complicated, overlapping network of image-making traditions, innovations, and borrowing among painting, tableaux vivants, photography, and other pictorial and projection practices. Using a variety of concepts and theories, the contributors explore these crisscrossing traditions and work against an essentialist notion of media to conceptualize the dynamic interrelationship between images and their context.

Author Bio

Scott Curtis is Associate Professor in the Department of Radio/Television/Film at Northwestern University. He is author of The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany.

Phillipe Gauthier lectures in cinema and media at the University of Ottawa. His is author of Le montage alterné avant Griffith.

Tom Gunning is Edwin A. and Betty L. Bergman Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Cinema and Media Studies at the University of Chicago. His is author of D. W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film: The Early Years at Biograph and The Films of Fritz Lang: Allegories of Vision and Modernity.

Joshua Yumibe is Associate Professor and Director of Film Studies at Michigan State University. He is author of Moving Color: Early Film, Mass Culture, Modernism, and Fantasia of Color in Early Cinema.

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Table of Contents

Introduction / Scott Curtis, Philippe Gauthier, Tom Gunning, and Joshua Yumibe

Part I: Form

1. La part picturale du tableau-style / Valentine Robert

2. The Unsettling of Vision: Tableaux Vivants, Early Cinema, and Optical Illusions / Daniel Wiegand

3. The Vision Scene: Revelation and Remediation / Frank Gray

4. Animating Antiquity / Laura Horak

5. Caricature et films comiques à la Belle Époque: quand le dessin de presse rencontre le cinema / Jérémy Houillère

6. De la presse illustrée à l’actualité filmée (1894-1910) : l’émergence d’une nouvelle « culture visuelle de l’information »? / Rodolphe Gahéry

7. From Pathé to Paramount: Visual Design in Movie Advertising to 1915 / Richard Abel

8. Landscape Topoi: From the Mountains to the Sea / Jennifer Peterson

9. A View Aesthetic without a View? Space and Place in Early Norwegian Polar Expedition Films / Gunnar Iversen

Part II: Material

10. Between "Recognition" and "Abstraction": Early Vocational Training Films / Florian Hoof

11. Ruptured Perspectives: The "View," Early Special Effects, and Film History / Leslie DeLassus

12. Surface and Color: Stenciling in Applied Arts, Fashion Illustration, and Cinema / Jelena Rakin

13. The Color Image / Joshua Yumibe

Part III: Networks

14. Shared Affinities and "Kunstwollen": Stylistics of the Cinematic Image in the 1910s and Art Theory at the Turn of the Century in Germany / Jörg Schweinitz

15. Techniques in Circulation: Sovereignty, Imaging Technology, and Art Education in Qajar Iran / Kaveh Askari

16. Corporeality and Female Modernity: Intermediality and Early Film Celebrities / Marina Dahlquist

17. A Scientific Instrument? Animated Photography among Other New Imaging Techniques / Ian Christie

18. Advertising with Moving Pictures: International Harvester’s The Romance of the Reaper (1910-13) / Gregory A. Waller

19. The City View(ed): Muybridge’s Panoramas of San Francisco and their Afterlives in Early Cinema / Dimitrios Latsis

20. California Landscapes: John Divola and the Cine-Geography of Serial Photography / Charles Wolfe

21. What is a Fake Image? / Frank Kessler and Sabine Lenk

22. The Lantern Image between Stage and Screen / Artemis Willis

Part IV: Discourses

23. Pictorialism and the Picture: Art, Photography, and the "Doctrine of Taste" in the Discourse on Transitional Era Quality Films / Tom Paulus

24. Boredom and Visions in Vachel Lindsay’s Film Theory / Ryan Pierson

25. Falling Desperately in Love with the Image on Screen: "The Flictoflicker Girl" (1913) and Cinematic Structures of Fascination / Denis Condon

26. An "Advertising Punch" in Every Frame: Image Making in Early Advertising Films / Martin L. Johnson

Appendix: Translations

27. English Translation of Chapter 1: Early Cinema’s Realizations: The Pictorial in the Tableau Style / Valentine Robert

28. English Translation of Chapter 5: Caricature and Comic Films in the Belle Époque: When the Illustrated Press Met the Cinema / Jérémy Houillère

29. English Translation of Chapter 6: From the Illustrated Press to Filmed Actualities (1894-1910): The Emergence of a New "Visual Information Culture"? / Rodolphe Gahéry