Refugees and Rescue

Refugees and Rescue

The Diaries and Papers of James G. McDonald, 1935–1945
James McDonald, Richard Breitman, Barbara Stewart and Severin Hochberg
Distribution: World
Publication date: 04/14/2009
Format: Hardback 35 plates
ISBN: 978-0-253-35307-8
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New evidence presented in Refugees and Rescue challenges widely held opinions about Franklin D. Roosevelt's views on the rescue of European Jews before and during the Holocaust. The struggles of presidential confidant James G. McDonald, who resigned as League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in 1935, and his allies to transfer many of the otherwise doomed are disclosed here for the first time. Although McDonald's efforts as chairman of FDR's advisory committee on refugees from May 1938 until nearly the end of the war were hampered by the pervasive antisemitic attitudes of those years, fears about security, and changing presidential wartime priorities, tens of thousands did find haven. McDonald's 1935–1936 diary entries and the other primary sources presented here offer new insights into these conflicts and into Roosevelt's inconsistent attitudes toward the "Jewish question" in Europe.

Following the lauded Advocate for the Doomed (IUP, 2007), this is the second of a projected three-volume work that will significantly revise views of the Holocaust, its antecedents, and its aftermath.

Author Bio

Richard Breitman is Professor of History at American University and author of Official Secrets: What the Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew. He lives in Bethesda, Maryland.

Barbara McDonald Stewart has taught at George Mason University and is author of United States Government Policy on Refugees from Nazism, 1933–1940. She lives in Vienna, Virginia.

Severin Hochberg, a historian formerly at the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, teaches at George Washington University. He lives in Washington, D.C.

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Table of Contents

1. From Germany to the Soviet Union: August 1935
2. Nuremberg Laws: September 1935
3. Deterioration on All Fronts: October 1935
4. How to Resign? November 1935
5. Dramatic Protest: December 1935
6. Aftermath: 1936<N>1937
7. Refugee Politics and Diplomacy: 1938
8. Toward War and Catastrophe: 1939
9. Refugees as Spies: 1940
10. Close Relatives as Hostages: 1941
11. Refuge in Latin America
12. The War and the Holocaust: 1942<N>1945
Conclusion by Richard Breitman