The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945 - Volume I

Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA)
Geoffrey P. Megargee, Editor
Foreword by Elie Wiesel
Distribution: World
Publication date: 5/5/2009
Format: cloth 1728 pages, 192 b&w photos, 23 maps
8.5 x 11
ISBN: 978-0-253-35328-3
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
Winner, 2009 National Jewish Book Awards, Holocaust
Winner, 2010 Judaica Reference Award
This monumental 7-volume encyclopedia, the result of years of work by the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, will describe the universe of camps and ghettos—some 20,000 in all—that the Nazis and their allies operated, from Norway to North Africa and from France to Russia. For the first time, a single reference work will provide detailed information on each individual site.

This first volume covers three groups of camps: the early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German children and adolescents. Overview essays provide context for each category, while each camp entry provides basic information about the site's purpose; the prisoners, guards, working and living conditions; and key events in the camp's history. Material from personal testimonies helps convey the character of the site, while source citations provide a path to additional information.
Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Author Bio

Geoffrey P. Megargee is an applied research scholar at the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. He is author of War of Annihilation: Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front, 1941 and Inside Hitler's High Command.


"Well researched . . . accessible . . . this valuable resource covers an aspect of the Holocaust rarely addressed and never in such detail. A valuable addition to libraries focusing on the Holocaust." —Library Journal

"A readable encyclopedia with very up-to-date bibliographical sources. This important reference work belongs on every library bookshelf." —Choice , November 2009

"[This] volume would well serve those who research the Holocaust or work with survivor memoirs and testimonies." —
The American Jewish World , April 2, 2010

"This work will be of particular use to specialists in the fields of German and Austrian history, European labor history, and the history of World War II." —
Jewish Book World , Fall 2010

"The most efficacious way of fighting the scourge of Holocaust denial is with the facts. No argument posed by deniers can withstand the overwhelming weight of the truth. This encyclopedia will provide a host of detail about crucial aspects of the Holocaust that cannot be found elsewhere." —Deborah E. Lipstadt, author of
History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving

"An indispensable source that no one individual could compile in a lifetime of research. . . . An especially useful reference work for anyone working with survivor memoirs and testimonies." —Christopher R. Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland

"The USHMM Encyclopedia is a highly significant and overdue synthesis of existing documentary studies and specialized knowledge on the history and profile of Nazi concentration camps." —German Studies Review

"All in all, the USHMM encyclopedia is a most welcome contribution to the history and memory of the Nazi concentration camps. For scholars, this first volume is a valuable reference work whose great strength lies first and foremost in the transfer of knowledge, bringing the hitherto mostly German discourse to the wider international audience." —Studies in Contemporary Jewry

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Elie Wiesel
Reader's Guide
List of Abbreviations

Early Camps
Camps: Ahrensbök-Holstendorf-Zwickau

Youth camps

WVHA Camps


Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Altdorf-Tschechowitz

Main camp
Camps: Bomlitz-Unterlüss

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Abteroda-Wolfen

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Augsburg-Horgau-Zangberg

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Altenhammer-Zwodau

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Aslau-Zittau

Main camp
Camps: Amersfoort-Venlo

Main camp
Camps: Bad Nauheim-Zeltingen

Main camp
Camps: Kauen-Alexoten-Schaulen

Main camp
Camps: Kabelwerk-Zakopane

Main camp
Camps: Blizyn-Trawniki

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Amstetten-Wien-Schwechat-Heidfeld

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Ballenstedt-Napola-Wickerode

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Adun-le-Tiche-Wesserling

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Alt Garge-Wöbbelin

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Ansbach-Zichow

Main camp
Camps: Dondangen-VEF

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Bad Saarow-Wulkow

Camps: Alderney-Wuppertal

Main camp
Subcamp system
Camps: Adlershorst-Zeyersvorderkampen

Main camp
Camps: Aseri-Vivikonna



International Tracing Service Sources Update
About the Editor
List of Contributors